This article outlines an 11-step procedure for how to make soy candles. I also list the different materials and equipment you will need and tell you how to use them…all things you need to know to learn how to make soy candles effectively.
If this is your first venture into making soy candles, relax. Soy candles are some of the easiest candles to make.
Learning How to Make Soy Candles is Eco-Friendly
Soy candles are a wonderful alternative to petroleum-based paraffin candles. They are much more environment-friendly, since they release far less carbon dioxide when burned.
Soy candles are user-friendly too! Not only are soy wax spills easy to clean up with soap and water; the natural soybean wax burns at a lower temperature, resulting in less soot and a subtle dispersing of scent. Soybean candles also last up to 50% longer than traditional paraffin candles and are less expensive to make.
So help yourself and the environment! Learn how to make soy candles now by reading on.
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…learn how to make soy candles for hobby & profit
The type of soy candle we are going to make is known as a votive candle. Don’t be confused by the fancy terminology. Votive candles are among the most popular candles of any type.
They are simply free-standing, usually cylindrical candles that melt completely once lit. As they melt, they take the shape of the holder they are placed in.
Before getting started, make sure you are properly equipped. Here are the bare necessities.
- Candle Molds – Votive candles can be made by simply using paper cups as molds. You can also use a cupcake or muffin pan. Shot or small juice glasses will also do!
- Soy Wax – Soybean wax flakes are ready to use and can be purchased at any candle supply store.
- Wicks – Your wicks should be about 1 inch longer than the height of your mold.
- Double Boiler – Simply a large pot for boiling water and a smaller pot that fits inside the large pot. The smaller pot is used for melting wax. The double boiler is the safest way to melt wax. Smaller pot will also serve as a pouring pot so it should have a handle and a spout.
- Candy Thermometer – Wax must be melted and poured at the proper temperature so a thermometer is essential.
- Fragrance and Dye – Optional for soy candles. Available at any store that sells candle supplies. Leave them out if you are a beginner.
Prepare Your Work Space:
Watch this brief video.
Let’s get started! Here are the detailed soy candle making instructions to follow:
Step 1: Melt 2 ounces of soybean wax for each votive candle you wish to make. Use a double boiler as described above. The boiling water in the boiling pot will melt the wax contained in the inner melting pot. Using a double boiler is an essential safety requirement.
Step 2: To monitor the temperature easily, clip a candle thermometer to the side of your melting pot.
Step 3: Once all the wax is melted and the temperature is between 170 to 180 F degrees, you can add dye, if you want to alter the natural color of the soy wax. Use liquid dye or color chips that are compatible with soy wax.
Do not use food coloring or other water based dyes. Adding crayons for color is also a bad idea, since these can clog the wick and make it difficult for your end product to maintain a flame.
Step 4: Stir with a wooden spoon to disperse the dye thoroughly. Keep adding more dye until you reach the desired color. Be careful; a little dye goes a long way.
Step 5: Maintaining the wax at 170-189 F degrees, now add your fragrance. If the wax temperature is too low, the fragrance and wax will not bind. If the temperature is too high, the fragrance will burn off and the final product will not give off enough scent. The rule of thumb is 1.5 ounces of candle fragrance per one pound of wax. However, this can vary from wax to wax so follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Step 6: Stir the candle mixture for 2 minutes to fully blend the fragrance with the wax and to let it bind with the wax.
Step 7: Reduce the heat to 150 – 155 F degrees.
Step 8: Warm the candle mold slightly by leaving it in an oven at the lowest setting. The molds should be warm, but not hot. Caution: Skip this step if you are using a paper cup as your mold.
Step 9: Pour the wax into the molds and filling them to the top. Allow the wax to cool until a soft film develops over the top.
Step 10: Push the candle wick through the soft film into the center of the candle. You will notice a slight indentation where you have inserted the wick. You can easily fix this indentation by filling it with more melted wax. To smooth the top of the candle further, use a hair dryer while the wax is still in a molten state.
Step 11: Let the wax cool for 4 hours and then remove from the molds. Viola! You are done!
Tips & Warnings:
Never melt wax over an open flame. It can ignite without warning when it reaches its flash point. Use a double burner.
Making quality soy candles means that the wax must be melted and poured within prescribed temperature ranges. Always follow temperature guidelines from the manufacturer of the wax you are using. The recommended melting temperature may vary from one wax to another.
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Secrets of Successful Candle Making
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