Nothing compares to candles for bringing warmth to a room. But “how do you make candles?” you may ask.
You’re asking “How Do You Make Candles?” so check this out
Secrets to Successful Candle Making
…learn how to make candles & have fun with the kids
Your Question is “How Do You Make Candles?”
Making your own candles is a lot easier than you think. It’s an inspiring craft that’s easy to get up and running. A few simple ingredients and some basic tools and equipment are all you need to begin making beautiful, fragrant candles. You’ll need to purchase a few supplies, but most of the tools you probably have in your kitchen or garage.
Although there are many different candle types, the basic components for a simple candle making setup are pretty much the same. You’ll need:
1. A heat source such as an electric stove or hot plate
2. A “double boiler” set up. I use a large, low pot for boiling water, with a large Pyrex measuring cup set inside it to melt the wax
4. A wick appropriate to that wax
5. A mold or vessel to hold the melted wax
6. Color or fragrance for the candle, if desired
7. A match to light your masterpiece when it’s done
That’s essentially all it takes. As you learn how to make your own candles and master the process, you will discover that the variations you can make are only limited by your imagination and willingness to experiment.
One of the first choices you’ll need to make before starting any new candle project is which type of wax to use. There are synthetic waxes, natural waxes, and some that contain a little of both. Each of them having their own unique characteristics.
Having so many available options is great, but first, it’s important that we talk about some of the basics concerning candle wax…
Three elements will affect the outcome of every candle making project.
1 – Type and quality of wax
2 – Melting and pouring temperature
3 – Additional ingredients (additives)
Let’s take a quick look at each…
Types of Wax
The most commonly used types of wax today (in no particular order) are:
* Bayberry wax
* Palm wax
* Soybean wax
* Paraffin wax
* Gel (though not a “true” wax)
Each comes with its own nuances and some are better than others depending on the application. Often they are blended to achieve optimal results.
Temperature is vital. Because of this, a thermometer is not an option; it is an absolute “necessity”.
All kinds of problems arise when wax is not melted or poured at its proper temperature.
Some examples of common “temperature-related” problems are the following:
* Jump Lines – These are those un-wanted horizontal lines that form on the outside of your container candles. They are most commonly the result of pouring at too cool of a temperature.
* Pin holes – A common result of pouring with over-heated wax.
* Pitted Surface – A result often caused by pouring wax at too cool of a temperature.
A common “rule-of-thumb” for most waxes is to pour at 175 – 180 F and to never heat your wax over 200 degrees F.
Additives are those ingredients you will want to use to enhance your candles’ appearance and performance. They are typically added to your wax prior to pouring and their use and proportions directly affect the outcome of any candle project.
The most obvious additives include dyes, fragrance oils and essential oils.
Some of the most important additives however, are far less obvious. Examples include:
* Stearin to control “hardness”, “burn-rate”, and “opacity”.
* Vybar which reduces air bubbles and mottling.
* UV Inhibitors / Color Stabilizers which will protect your candles from discoloration and color-fading.
* Luster Crystals which prolong burning time and provide a brilliant, gorgeous, vibrant sheen to a candle’s color.
Luckily, wax manufacturers have taken much of the “guess-work” out of this for us. Today’s “pre-blended” waxes are formulated with the right additives and proportions…leaving you the freedom to focus on the most fun choices, fragrance & color.
How Do You Make Candles? This may help
Secrets to Successful Candle Making
…learn to make candles for hobby and profit